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Understanding Extinction Bursts in Dog Training


When it comes to training your dog, you’ve likely encountered behaviors you’d like to change or eliminate. One important concept in dog training is the phenomenon known as an “extinction burst.” Understanding this concept can be key to successfully modifying your dog’s behavior while avoiding frustration. In this article, we’ll delve into what extinction bursts are, how they occur, and how to manage them effectively.


What Is an Extinction Burst?

An extinction burst is a behavioral phenomenon observed in operant conditioning, a form of learning where behaviors change based on their consequences. In simple terms, when you’re trying to eliminate an undesirable behavior in your dog, such as barking for attention, and you stop reinforcing that behavior, your dog may initially respond with an increase in the frequency, intensity, or duration of the behavior. This is the extinction burst.


How Extinction Bursts Happen

Imagine this scenario: Your dog, let’s call him Max, has a habit of attention barking when you’re practicing a “doing nothing” exercise. Initially, you might have unknowingly reinforced this behavior by giving Max attention or treats when he barked, even if it was just to quiet him down. Now, you’ve decided to ignore his barking to extinguish it.

Here’s how the extinction burst unfolds:

1. Initial Behavior: Max starts attention barking during your “doing nothing” practice.

2. Your Response: Initially, you might have unintentionally reinforced this behavior by giving him attention or treats when he barked, even if it was just to quiet him down.

3. Extinction: Now, you’re trying to extinguish or eliminate this behavior by ignoring it, which means you’re no longer rewarding the barking with attention.

4. Extinction Burst: During the extinction phase, Max might initially increase the frequency or intensity of his barking because he’s trying harder to get the attention he used to receive. It’s like he’s thinking, “Hey, what happened to the rewards I used to get for barking?”

5. Important Note: It’s crucial to stay consistent during this phase. If you give in and provide attention when he’s barking more intensely (during the burst), you may unintentionally reinforce the undesired behavior.

6. Persistence: If you continue to ignore the behavior during the extinction burst and only reward the quiet moments, over time, Max should learn that barking doesn’t get him what he wants, and the behavior should decrease.


Managing Extinction Bursts Effectively

Here are some tips for managing extinction bursts effectively in your dog’s training:

1. Stay Consistent: Consistency is key when dealing with extinction bursts. Make sure everyone in your household is on the same page regarding the new behavior expectations.

2. Stay Patient: Understand that extinction bursts are temporary and a sign that your dog is trying to figure out what works. Be patient and stick to your plan.

3. Reward Desired Behavior: Remember to reward your dog for the behavior you want to see. In Max’s case, reward him when he’s calm and not attention barking.

4. Avoid Reinforcing the Burst: It can be tempting to give in to your dog’s intense barking during an extinction burst, but doing so may reinforce the behavior. Stay strong and wait for the calm moments to reward.

5. Seek Professional Help if Needed: If you’re struggling with managing your dog’s behavior, consider consulting a professional dog trainer or behaviorist for guidance and personalized strategies.


Understanding extinction bursts is crucial when you’re working on modifying your dog’s behavior through positive reinforcement training. By remaining consistent, patient, and focused on rewarding the desired behavior, you can help your dog learn the right behaviors while eliminating the unwanted ones. With time and persistence, you and your dog can achieve training success.



In conclusion, grasping the concept of extinction bursts is pivotal when you’re working on shaping your dog’s behavior through positive reinforcement training. With unwavering consistency, patience, and a focus on rewarding the right behaviors, you can help your dog understand the desired conduct while phasing out undesirable actions. Over time, your persistent efforts will pay off, leading to a well-behaved and happier canine companion.


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